Tag Archive | "glass cutter tool"

How to Properly Cut Glass For Stained Glass Projects

The most important step in making a stained glass piece is the actual cutting of the glass. This is important for many obvious reasons, but many people find the concept of cutting glass to be an insurmountable barrier to starting a career or hobby in stained glass.

This is understandable, considering that we are all raised to understand the dangers of broken glass, but the proper cutting of glass using the right tools and a few tips is safe and easily accomplished. I'd like to share with you a few of the tips I have admitted that make glass cutting easy and safe. But before we get to the tips, a few safety precautions should be discussed. Always WEAR SAFETY GLASSES. You only have two eyes and there are some pretty cool looking safety glasses out there that will not make you look dorky. Make sure you have a decent FIRST AID KIT available at all times when working with glass.

Now some tips:
1. Make sure you are using a surface to cut on that is either specifically designed for the job, like a Morton Surface or one that is firm but not to hard so that you do not abuse your glass cutting wheel, such as Homasote.

2. Learn to hold your glass cutter in as comfortable a position as possible during the cutting process so you do not fatigue. If you are uncomfortable, or your hand gets tired, you will not create a good clean score in the glass, so take a few moments between scoring pieces to shake out your hands. When adjusting your grip, make sure the cutter wheel is completely perpendicular and is turning freely and then adjust the angle between your arm and hand while you are scoring.

3. Make sure that your cutting tool is properly lubricated with a good quality cutting oil. There are many cutters that have oil wells built in to them. This is a great way to save time, but the trade-off is a heavier cutting tool. You may wish to experiment between cutters with oil wells and ones without to see if the trade-off is worth it.

4. You may not need a grinder for every piece. A simple carburundum stone is cheap and can often clean up smaller pieces faster and easier then an electric grinder, which can be expensive and intimidating.

5. When you make your score, be sure the wheel is completely perpendicular to the glass and is turning freely. Also, make sure the cutting wheel is still sharp. If the glass does not score easily without having to really put pressure on the glass, it might be time to purchase a new cutter.

6. For difficult glass like drapery glass, first make your score, then hold the piece in one hand and tap the bottom of the glass under the score line with either the back of the cutter or some other tool a few times to encourage the glass to break. Remember to score difficult glass on whichever side has the smoother surface for easier cutting.

7. The easiest way to get over the intimidation of cutting glass is to practice. Get some cheap glass to practice on, and spend some time cutting it, you will quickly get up to speed.


Source by Marc B. Harris

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Cutting and Drilling Holes in Glass

How to Cut Holes

Different type of glass cutters are used to cut the pane of a glass. If you are willing to cut a large circle in a pane of glass, you may need a beam compass cutter or a beam circle cutter. A beam compass cutters contains a pivot with a rubber suction pad, a cutter on the end of the beam and an adjustable beam.

1- Scoring is the first step to cut any glass piece. So, for cutting a hole in a pane of glass, you need to score the glass. Adjust the radius of the cutter and hold the pivot with its sucker in one hand and use the other hand to make smooth score with one continuous stroke. Now you have to score a second circle inside the first larger circle. Score some straight lines with this relatively smaller circle right to the edge. Then you need to score some radial lines to the outer circle. What you need to do now is to tap the glass gently at the center of the circle on the back. This will help you drop the pieces of glass from the hole. Take breaker rack and remove the left over pieces of the glass. Take a line glass paper wrapped around the handle of the screwdriver to smooth the edges.

2- If you are going to cut a hole near the edge of the pane of glass, it is better to cut the circle before cutting the size of a pane of glass.

3- It is also convenient to use circular glass cutters for cutting the discs. While using these circular glass cutters, you need to score tangential lines onto the second circle. These scored lines will help to break the pieces off from the glass. Don’t forget to smooth the edges of the disc. Properly smoothed edges will give a good finish to that disc.

How to Drill Holes

A spear like special glass bit is used to drill holes in a glass. Masonry drill should not be used in any case as it shatters the glass immediately.

1- First settle on the position of the hole on the glass. Place it on the flat surface with a good generous amount of old newspapers. Take putty or plasticine and put it around the space chosen for a hole. Fill this with white spirit, lubricant water or paraffin.

2- You will have to be very careful in starting drilling the hole at exact point. It is better to mount the drill in drill stand and start drilling slowly. Don’t exert too much pressure; proceed with slight pressure with slow speed to prevent the drill bit from overheating. When you reach at the end of the hole lessen the pressure.

3- If you are working on mirror, it is important to drill a pinhole from the back. This will protect the silvering on the front of the mirror. After drilling a hole, you can resume your drilling task from the front.

4- For bottles, fill it with sand and rest it on the sand bed for proper support. Keep lubricating the hole and the drill bit in between.

If you ever feel like, you will not be able to do this task, do not hesitate to contact glass merchant. He will do this task for you in quite a reasonable cost.


Source by Tauqeer Ul Hassan

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Bottle Cutter Secrets – Bottle Cutting Glass Art

Bottle cutting has become one of the ways we can become more environmentally correct and live a green lifestyle. Life becomes richer when we are able to incorporate our hobbies into the way we live and when we can use our hobbies as tools to promote our environmental status. Part of being socially responsible is to focus on the aspects of recycling, reusing, consumer products while reducing the consumption of new products. Bottle cutting is a great tool that can help with all three of those environmental goals.

Recycling:

Recycling is the philosophy of reusing natural resources such as metals rather than simply throwing them into the trash. Bottle cutting fits nicely into recycling because that is really what the art of bottle cutting is all about. It takes existing products and turns them into resources that can then be used to create art. Projects that are created using bottle cutters are primarily made from glass, but the creative artist will find ways to incorporate other natural resources into projects.

Reusing:

When we take a bottle or a jar, and we craft something that extends the useful life of that bottle or jar then we are reusing those products rather than throwing them away or recycling them. This is valuable to the environment because we are not only extending the useful life of resources we are creating a product from used material, which means that new resources are not created. This is a green jackpot.

Reducing:

Reducing is about reducing consumption and using what we have. The art of bottle cutting is very much about reducing. Not only are we reducing wastes, we are creating products that are made entirely of used items and that means that we are not consuming new products that require new resources.

An example:

If we use to bottles to create a wind chime, then we have taken the energy that was used to make the bottles, and we have put in into a product that has a longer shelf life. A beer bottle is recycled or thrown out as soon as the beer is consumed, but in this case we have extended that life for potentially decades. That is green. We have also used recycled items to create the wind chime and so we did not add to the environmental burden by demanding new resources. Because the wind chime, that we created, is created from used bottles, we are not adding to the consumerism that demands new products. Overall, this is a very green and environmentally friendly product that was created by a single glass cutting kit.

Glass Cutting Kits:

There are two kits that should be considered. Those are the G2, and the Ephrem Bottle Cutter.

The G2 is made from recycled aluminum and is able to cut bottles and jars that are up to five gallons in volume. The cutting tool can also be washed and used to create straight-line cuts. This makes the G2 a well rounded tool that can be utilized to create bottle art or even used to make stained glass pieces. The cutting tool is easily replaced if it should dull.

The Ephrem Bottle Cutter is a flat, table like device that has an adjustable support to accommodate larger longer bottles. There are two versions of this kit. The original kit has a standard glass cutter, and the deluxe kit has an adjustable cutter. Like the G2 replacement cutting heads can be ordered.

Either kit is worthy of producing art. There are no limits to bottle art. Your imagination is free to create unique works of art. There are a lot of projects that are just waiting to be created. We have already discussed making a wind chime. There are unique vases that can be easily created. Larger jars and bottles can be used to create floating vase for flowers or for votive candles. Bottles and jars can also be used to create pillar candle platforms, votive holders, or even holders for tapers. These are just basic designs that are fun to create. There are some wonderful examples of hanging pendulum lights that are made from beautiful bottles. There are designs that can be used to create keep-safes, simply by adding a hinge to a cut bottle. Again, your imagination is the only obstacle, and there is nothing like inspiration to light up an imagination.

Not only is bottle art a part of green living, it is an enjoyable hobby that promotes the creative and imaginative. Some people use this as a hobby while others create products that they can sell at craft fairs, bazaars, and boutiques.

© 2013 Aldax Enterprises Pty Ltd


Source by Stan Alderson

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How To Make Stained Glass

The basic tools to begin stained glass include a cutter, grinder, groziers, running pliers,
copper foil and soldering iron with temperature controller.

There are basically 10 steps to making stained glass

Step 1: Pick a project

This can be a panel, box, cabinet insert, sun catcher, fireplace screen or anything else you
would like.

Step 2: Find a pattern

There are many stained glass pattern books to choose from, you can go online to find free
patterns, or you can draw your own pattern.

Step 3: Select glass

There are many manufacturers who produce glass. The choices are almost limitless.

Check out your local stained glass retail store to view their selection.

Step 4: Make paper pattern template.

This enables you to make a pattern for each piece in your design.

Step 5: Cut glass

Hold the cutter as you would a pen or pencil. Do not press too hard, this will cause a bad
break. You should hear soft scratching sound as you score the glass. Use breaking pliers
to open the score line. If cutting a straight line, you can snap the glass with your hands.

Using the right tools makes this very easy. Not sure what the proper tools are, or what
supplies you will need?

Step 6: Foil glass

Wrap copper foil around each individual piece. This allows the solder to adhere.

Step: 7 Solder

Solder pieces together. This step will take time and practice. Don.t give up. With time
and practice you will achieve the solder seams you want.

Step 8: Attach zinc frame

This provides stability to your stained glass piece. Measure the width and height, then cut
the zinc to fit your piece. Solder the corners, then solder sealed solder seams to the
zinc frame.

Step 9: Apply patina

Patina is used to draw focus to the glass and design rather than the solder seams.

Step 10: Clean and polish

This last step will give your project the shine and brilliance you are looking for.

Now all you have to do is enjoy your work!


Source by Maureen Summy

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How to Prepare Surface For Cutting Glass

Covering the Cutting Surface

It is a good idea to cover your workbench with either a commercial or outdoor type of carpeting, a heavy vinyl fabric or a thin padding of newspaper.

For designated areas used for cutting glass, the use of a heavy vinyl fabric works very well. It is easier to sweep off and keep clean.

The vinyl fabric can be purchase at a local fabric store for a minimal amout of money. Measure the size of the table or area you will use as a cutting surface. Then add 4 inched to each side. This will allow enough fabric to wrap around the edges. If you have access to a sewing machine, simple sew the corners of the fabric so it will fit over the table or cutting area. If you do not have a sewing machine or lack sewing skills, simply staple the vinyl to the table or surface.

The use of a vinyl fabric has an additional benefit of protecting your glass cutter. The vinyl provides a lightweight padding that will protect your cutter if you run the cutter off the glass. When cutting on a hard surface, running the cutter off the glass can result in chipping or bending the wheel of your glass cutter. It is a lot cheaper to buy vinyl than to replace a glass cutter.

Cleaning Cutting Surface

Purchase a small dust pan and brush and keep it on your cutting bench. This will make it easier to use the brush and dust pan to keep your surface free of small glass chips.

By having the dust pan and brush handy will make cleaning easier and it will prevent you from being temped to sweep away glass with your hands. Those tiny silvers of glass will cut your hands and could become imbedded causing an infection.

If even a tiny chip of glass is under the glass being cut, the result can be a bad break.

Portable Cutting Surfaces

If you do not have a designated area for cutting, you can use a portable cutting surface. The Morton System as well as other manufacturers sell a plastic grid sheet that comes in various sizes. The glass is cut on the surface and the glass fragments fall into the lower grid cells. This insures that tiny glass fragments do not get under your cutting surface causing bad breaks.

This convenient cutting surface keeps your work space safe and clean by allowing glass slivers to fall into the grid cells below, away from your hands.

Clean up is easy, as all you need to do is to flip the grid over and empty glass fragments into a trash can.

An additional benefit of the grid system is that it can be turned over and used as a tracing surface for pattern pieces.


Source by Maureen Summy

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Why Is Cutting Glass So Expensive?

Purchasing a glass cutter machine is a big decision. A business owner, or hobbyist does not want to be wrong on a $ 2,500 purchase. Money is tight for most frame shops, hardware stores, re-modelers, window manufacturers, repair and maintenance departments.

When you see a machine that is about one-third the cost of the historically popular Fletcher machine, you are right to scratch your head and do some research. Get on the forums, call your friends and competitors and ask them how they have liked their Onyx 90 glass cutter machine. You will find that the overwhelming majority of Onyx 90 users are very happy.

Here is a list of some of the features and benefits of the Onyx 90:

  • Cuts mat board, foam board, glass, plastic, coroplast, and more.
  • Purchase one versatile machine to handle all your media cutting needs.
  • Cuts PVC foam board, used in the sign industry, much more quickly than the "old fashioned" manual way.
  • Easily cuts a sandwich of media up to 5/8 "thick. This makes it easy to downsize that sandwich to fit a particular size.
  • Cuts all commercially available media sizes. Buy boards in larger sizes and save. Cuts 60 "in the vertical, and is essentially unlimited in the horizontal dimension.
  • Work in the measurement system in which you are accredited. Measurements in inches and millimeters
  • Stop ruining mount board, foam board, etc., because they slip and move as you cut them. The built-in media clamp holds the media without any creep. By the way, the media clamp is not used when cutting glass.
  • Measure once and cut many copies using the production stop. The production stop is included at no extra charge.
  • You need to change the carbide cutter, but you do not know where you put the refills? Not with the Onyx 90. The supplied turret wheel comes with 6-carbide wheels for glass cutting to make thousands of cuts. When one of the wheels wears out, simply rotate to a new one of the 6 carbide wheels on the turret.
  • Make thousands of plexiglas cuts with the included carbide plastic cutter tool. When the cutter tool gets dull, simply rotate the cutter in the holder for another couple thousand cuts. This saves time and frustration.
  • The razor cutting blades will dull after many cuts. We supply you with 100 razor cutting blades to make the Onyx 90 ready for many, many cutting jobs before you need to order more.
  • Part of the cost of purchasing a machine is getting it shipped to your home or business. If the machine must come by motor freight, plan on spending more than you two to three hundred dollars … depending on your location. The Onyx 90 is FedEx / UPS shippable! It is much less expensive than motor freight. You save about 50% on delivery cost.
  • Machines that are in the field look like new. They are constructed of anodized aluminum and stainless steel for strength, appearance, and long-lasting use.
  • The Onyx 90 is engineered to last a life time. Buy it once and use it for your long career – then sell it when you retire.
  • Part of the creative design is the use of oil impregnated bronze bearings. These bearings will protect the aluminum to steel interfaces from wearing out over the many years of service.
  • When steel comes in contact with concrete or brick, it will corrode and ever weak over time. Because we use stainless steel wall mounting brackets, you can be assured that the mount will not corrode and weakened when mounted on a concrete or brick wall.
  • Changing tools is a real time waster. We have the fastest tool changing in the industry, saving time, money, and frustration.
  • Making sliding parts move smoothly is an art … especially when you can not use oil. The UHMWP bushings allows your slide to remain accurate, tight and smooth for a life-time without oil.
  • Even if something should probably go wrong, you are protected with a 5-year warranty. The company that manufactures the Onyx 90 has been in the business over 35 years.
  • We are proud to say that it is "Made in the USA"

How can the Onyx 90 glass cutter be a better machine and cost two-thirds less money? This is one of the major problems the Onyx 90 has. People have been thinking that if it costs more, it must be better. In many cases, this is true, but in this case, it is not true.

Here is the way to look at it that may help you to understand how it is done. The cost of a machine, any machine, is made up of many components. Some of the most obvious components are the cost of the materials, the manufacturing costs, the advertising costs, and the overhead costs of the owners, the president, vice-presidents, line managers, human resources department and so on.

The company that manufactures the Onyx 90 in North Carolina does not have vice-presidents, human resource departments, line managers and other overhead costs. They pass along those cost savings to their customers. By the way, they have been in business for over forty years, and have been selling the Onyx 90 for many of those years.

Why would anyone pay that much for a machine made outside the United States, when you can have a better machine that only costs $ 799.00? Yes, the Fletcher machine is made outside the United States.

Be careful, do not be duped by a high price. Just because a machine costs more, does not mean that it is a better machine. The Onyx 90 has been on the market for many years, and the machine has been performing outstandingly well. Check it out before you make an expensive mistake and buy a machine based on its high price.


Source by Richard Day

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Different Kinds of Stained Glass Tools

There are various tools associated with working with stained glasses. These tools ease the work associated with the glass especially soldering, cutting, marking and smothering the glass. Some of the stained glass tools used are as highlighted below.

In the workshop, glass needs to be cut. The most commonly used tools are glass cutters which are made of a wheel held up by bearings. The wheels can be made of any hard materials carbide, steel or rather tungsten. Although all glass cutters are unique, only the handles tend to make them different from one another.

Other stained glass tools include the soldering iron and grinder. A soldering iron is a tool with a temperature control knob which typically regulates the temperature while using it. A grinder is an electric tool used in glassware industry to make the edges of the glass smooth. Apart from the grinder, other essential tools required for the work of smoothing the edges of glass are worktable or board and the brushes.

Another key stained glass tool required for the job is the grozing pliers. Its look likes the ordinary pliers though its main purpose is to cut the lead. The grozing pliers is preferred to the ordinary pliers since the pressure it applies to the glass is much less than that applied by ordinary pliers. If the pressure is too much, it leads to the glass cracking. Grozing pliers are somewhat unaffordable, so a special standard knife known as putty knife may be used in its place. Before using the standard knife, one needs to modify the blade to look thin and sharp.

Another major tool used for glass working is the Pattern Shear which is used to make paper patterns. Although those are the major items to use, one may need several minor tools required for any workshop work.


Source by Bridgett Smith

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Stained Glass-Cutting Diamonds On Very Rough Glass

When building French style windows, we need to cut many diamond shaped pieces and it would be tedious to draw around a pattern piece for each one. So we came up with a system for cutting them quickly. When we cut vecchio glass the challenge is even greater because of the roughness of the glass. If you follow these steps when trying to cut glass into diamonds, you will find your speed of cutting out the window will be much faster and you'll be able to cut the rough glass successfully.

As you can see in this photo, the glass has a lot of texture. It has a rough side, which I turn down for the cutting, but the smooth side has seeds and bubbles in it, so it's tough to get a clean cut.

Take one diamond pattern piece and lay it out on the sheet of glass so you can get the glass oriented. you'll want all the pieces to run with the texture going up and down the height of the diamond, so turn the entire sheet of glass so that the straight line you'll be cutting lines up with the pattern piece.

In this photo, I've already cut a few strips and I'm cutting one which runs the length of the sheet of glass. I dip the cutter in oil and run the wheel up and down the glass lightly to spread some of the oil on the surface that I'm going to score.

You'll have to hold the glass from slipping with your left hand as you score using the glass cutter using your right hand. Exert more pressure than you do when cutting smooth glass and try to plow through the spots where the cutter hits a seedy spot and wants to stop.

Then, grab the glass with both hands and rock them apart to break the entire strip free from the sheet of glass.

Then, slide the sheet against the strip cutter guide edge on the table to set up for the next strip.

Once again, I'm able to use my hands to rock the two pieces apart. Many times I use running pliers when breaking strips of glass, but these are wide and the glass is uncooperative.

This edge cut off leaving a piece that sticks out and I have to score and break off a bit of the corner before I can line the edge of the glass up against the strip cutter guide.

When you're done, you will have a whole stack of strips.

Take the strips, one at a time and cut out diamonds. Take the pattern piece you started out with and line up the glass strip so that you are cutting the glass at the proper angle and then draw a line on the workbench using a sharpie marker so you can line up future strips with ease.

After scoring the diamond, use the edge of the strip guide as a raised straight edge to snap the glass off.

And lay out the finished diamonds on your French design window pattern. You will find that often the edges will be smooth enough that they will not require grinding, but make sure to grind those that have imperfections so that they will not be weak and subject to heat cracking.


Source by David Gomm

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How To Make Your Own Stained Glass Lamp Shades

Are you thinking about making your own stained glass lamp shade? If so, this guide will help you understand what this fun hobby entails. It's extremely difficult for starters, but just like anything in life it will get easier with time.

There are a few reasons that this hobby is difficult. The first reason is due to the odd shape of a lamp shade. It's not like a flat window or a door, so it makes things tricky. Due to this reason, it makes it quite difficult to be accurate when preparing the stained glass for your lamp shade. As I always suggest, you're probably better off starting with something easier.

If you're ready to take on the challenge of making a stained glass shade, your success will vary depending on the type of pattern you choose to go with. Patterns that are folded or distorted are always harder. To make things easier, consider using a pattern that's from a book or a picture.

When we prepare stained glass windows, the first step is to create the pattern on a large piece of glass. The same rule applies for a lamp cover or shade. Along the pattern, you'll then need to use a glass cutter to cut along the edges of the pattern.

From here, you'll need to rejoin the pieces together. This will create the pattern on the lamp shade through the joints. When you're doing a stained glass window, these pieces are all joined on one shot, but for a lamp shade each wall needs to be done separately. Most lamp shades will have six walls and at the end of each wall, that's when they're ready to join each other. Once they're joined together, the next step is to pull them up.

When you're attaching the walls, the edges of the pieces must all be smooth. If they're not smooth, it will be very difficult to join them. When you're preparing the different shapes of the lamp shade, you'll need to use a solder. Instead of soldering them from the bridges, use the front and back. If by accident you find some solder on the edges, be sure to melt them away before joining the walls.

The part where most people have problems is when they're putting the walls intact. If one of the pieces breaks or falls, you'll have to start over. This can get frustrating! For this reason, you must use something to help support when you're putting the walls together. A wire is a great tool for this. Once you complete the soldering, this is when you can remove the wire.

I'm sure it looks like a tough project and it is! However, with some practice you can be on your way to making your own stained glass lamp shades.


Source by Charles Cadet

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Laser Glass Cutting

Laser cutting is a precision cutting method widely used in industrial manufacturing. Laser cutting allows a level of accuracy unmatched by any other cutting method. A high-powered laser is directed at the material to be cut. The material burns, melts or vaporizes, leaving a high quality finish.

Apart from the common materials such as wood, plastic and metal, laser cutting is also widely used in the processing of glass. Glass has become an important component of a large number of applications. Its use is not just restricted to windows and bottles but has expanded to telecommunications and information technology. These modern applications require a higher level of accuracy and precision that can not be matched by traditional methods.

Traditional glass cutting methods make direct contact with the surface, increasing chances of unwanted scratches and abrasions. Moreover, material losses and glass dust are other problems faced in the conventional process.

The use of lasers has revolutionized the art of glass cutting. The laser beam is used to produce highly complex and accurate shapes with a fine edge finish. The power of the laser beam ranges between 1000 to 2000 watts. Most laser cutters are integrated into an enclosed machine with state-of-the-art software. Since the laser used is a "class 4" laser, care is taken to keep the user away from direct contact. The CO2 laser is the most common device used in glass cutting.

The advantages of laser cut glass are many. Apart from the superb quality edges, flaking, chipping and micro-cracks are almost completely eliminated. Moreover, laser cut glass is up to 3 times more durable than conventional cut glass. Since cutting oil is not used in the process, the glass washing process is also minimized.

Laser glass cutters can be used to cut glass of any thickness with an equal amount of accuracy. From decorative articles and frames to quartz crystal oscillators and display glasses, the use of these devices is limitless.


Source by Thomas Morva

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